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Organic Rankine Cycle

Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC)

ForceField owns 51% of TransPacific Energy, Inc. (TPE) (www.transpacenergy.com). TPE has developed a patent-pending heat recovery and energy conversion process that produces electricity from a variety of heat sources. The TPE core technology uses multi-component fluids that are environmentally sound, non-toxic, and non-flammable. TPE’s proprietary, turnkey modular Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) directly captures and converts heat directly from the heat source at temperatures from ranging from 80ºF up to 1000ºF. This is a far broader range than any other ORC systems on the market. Other ORC's are limited to temperatures of up to 500ºF. As a result, TPE offers what may be the most efficient and broadly applicable waste heat capture and energy conversion systems available in the market.

Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) Background

The Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) technology, which traces its roots to the 1970’s, is a key renewable energy technology and process that has been deployed at hundreds of sites around the world. ORC is a thermodynamic process where heat is transferred to a fluid at a constant pressure. The fluid is vaporized and then expanded in a vapor turbine that drives a generator, producing electricity. The fluid allows Rankine cycle heat recovery from lower temperature sources such as biomass combustion, industrial waste heat, geothermal heat, solar thermal power, and other sources. The low-temperature heat can itself be converted into electricity.

While typical ORCs use a binary system or secondary heat transfer to recover waste heat, it reduces heat recovery efficiency and increases costs. The ability to capture and convert heat at such a huge range of temperatures provides TPE with a major advantage over its competition as it opens up the door to virtually untapped markets. Typical ORCs use organic fluids such as ammonia, propane, pentane or isobutene instead of water and steam which are extremely volatile, explosive, undesirable and unsafe for most practical applications.

TPE has solved the low-temperature, toxic fluid, and inefficiency issues through its development of proprietary refrigerant blends that maximize heat recovery and exceed the performance of any single refrigerant or other volatile gases. This blend enables TPE to use its ORC for the widest range of applications available. Plus, it dramatically increases the operating ranges and power output efficiency while reducing greenhouse gases and fuel consumption. In fact, the TPE technology prevents condensation of gas exhaust streams by tailoring the refrigerant boiling points to the system’s operating temperatures. This feature is a major technological and marketing advantage as it opens up additional untapped market for waste heat recovery such as reciprocating engines, gas turbines, and biomass boilers since TPE can provide unmatched efficiencies.

Organic Rankine Cycle

Organic Rankine Cycle Market TPE business model is a two-staged process which involves equipment sales and recurring revenue. In the first stage, TPE sells and installs its ORC equipment sales to customers. In the second stage, the Company enters into long-term Power Purchase Agreements that are typically 10-20 years in length. Thus, TPE and its project investors manage the power generation and share the revenue streams developed from the agreements. Over time, management plans to develop a portfolio of revenue generating assets as standalone LLC’s, in addition to recording its equipment sales.

The renewable energy industry is expected to reach more than $250 billion by 2017. Worldwide initiatives and government mandates including the 2009 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act are driving the implementation and utilization of renewable and converted sources of energy and fuel such as ORC.

ORC technology is a uniquely effective process that can be adapted for use in numerous industries and applications. The original applications of the technology were in the geothermal and solar thermal plants. Today, the largest installed bases of the technology are found in biomass, combined heat and power plants, and in the industrial processes arena including incinerators, landfills, and others. The size of the market in the industrial processes area in the U.S. alone is huge. Nearly 10% of the estimated 500,000 smokestacks in the U.S. represent up to 75% of untapped waste heat at above to 500ºF. This waste heat could generate at least 50,000 megawatts of power. Utilizing this waste heat could generate more than $100 billion in revenue.

For more information, please visit http://www.transpacenergy.com

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